Culture has a strong influence on health and wellbeing. Some organisations develop cultures of absenteeism or presenteeism which have a detrimental effect on productivity.
Organisations need to be aware of any cultural trends towards absenteeism or presenteeism and be prepared to address them.
Make it possible to talk about health in the workplace
Provide support for employees with health problems. employees may not know how to manage their health conditions
Train managers how to respond if employees disclose health problems.
Organisational stressors can be minimised through good work design and good management, but work pressure cannot and should not be totally eliminated.
Employees in jobs which are less likely to generate commitment (lower status jobs) have worse health (Marmot, 2004).
There is a growing body of evidence that many of the factors associated with lost productivity also affect employee retention. Employees who:
feel demotivated or disengaged from their work,
find aspects of their work stressful
have poor working relationships with colleagues
feel their job is not worthwhile are more prone to periods of absence and are more likely to resign their posts. Bevan (2010, 13).